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Welcome to Country File, which provides an overview of Vietnam, including key events and facts about this beautiful S-shape country.

Demographics


Population 94,444,200 ( 2016)
Age structure0-14 years: 24.9% (male 11,924,283/female 10,824,773)
15-24 years: 19% (male 8,974,221/female 8,400,162)
25-54 years: 44.1% (male 20,130,321/female 20,205,400)
55-64 years: 6.6% (male 2,720,235/female 3,281,666)
65 years and over: 5.5% (male 1,940,755/female 3,117,473) (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 28.2 years
male: 27.1 years
female: 29.2 years (2012 est.)
Population growth rate1.08% (2016 est.)
Birth rate16.2 births/1000 population (2015 est.)
Death rate6.81 deaths/1000 population (2015 est.)
Net migration rate-0.34 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 30% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationHo Chi Minh City 5.976 million; HANOI (capital) 2.668 million; Haiphong 1.941 million; Da Nang 807,000 (2009)
Sex ratio
At birth 1.122 male(s)/female
Under 15 1.1 male(s)/female
15–64 years 1 male (s)/female
65 and over 0.62 male(s)/female
Infant mortality ratetotal: 20.24 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 20.61 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 19.83 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 72.41 years 75.6 years (2016 est.)
male: 69.95 years
female: 75.16 years (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate1.89 children born/woman (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessurban: 94% of population
rural: 67% of population
total: 75% of population
Nationalitynoun: Vietnamese (singular and plural)
adjective: Vietnamese
Ethnic groups54 ethnic groups, of which the Viet (Kinh) is the largest; Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, others 5.3% (1999 census)
ReligionsBuddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)
LanguagesVietnamese (official);English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94%
male: 96.1%
female: 92% (2002 est.)
Health expenditures7.2% of GDP (2009)
Physicians density1.224 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density2.87 beds/1,000 population (2008)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate0.5% (2000)